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                                    DOCTOR PATIENT RELATIONSHIP IN VEDIK ERA                                                          

Dr Shyam gupta 

             The much discussed subject of today has been well described in the oldest literature in the world, The Rigved.  Glimpses of the same can be seen in following verses–

Defining Doctors-
 The verse 10/97/6 says– 


 ” यस्तोषधी: समsमत राजान: समिता विव ।

विप्र स उच्यते भिषुगुक्षोहामीव चातनः ॥” 

----- it means , One who owns  medical knowledge  is called physician and all around  whom  the  medicines  reach like people around a king;  learned call him, Physician.  He only can relieve the sick and diseased.

----Hence Doctors well versed in all the faculties can only be able to treat better & successfully.

Responsibilities of Doctors—

  1. Treating sick persons and society as whole, not only disease –verse 8/22/6512 says–

” साभिर्नो  मक्षू तूयमश्विना गतं  भिष्ज्यतम  यदातुरम |’ –means,  O Ashvin kumars ! ( The  doctors ) you are well versed to protect and promote the welfare, maintenance  & supply system of society; with same efficacy and keenness also attend and treat the sick people in emergencies.

---doctors should follow the same with efficacy.

  1. Welfare-–The verse 8/22/6506 says—

युवोरथस्य परिचक्रमीयत इमान्य द्वामिषण्यति 

 अस्मा अच्छा सुमतिर्वा सुभस्पती आधेनुरिव धावति ”— The one wheel of divine chariot ( Divy Rath—of health & care system) of Ashvini kumars remain with them and other one  in the world. His wisdom like cows is for the welfare of people.

------Hence the Doctors should keep themselves well aware of the problems of society at large & be ready to put themselves to service of society.


  1. Home visits by doctors –The verse 8/5/6100 says–

 ” महिष्ठां वाज्सातमेषयन्ता शुभस्पती गन्तारा दाषुषो गृहम |”   Ashvani kumars themselves attend   the residence of the noble peoples for their welfare.
----The home visits by doctors are an important part of treatment .


  1. Self visits —according to verse 8/5/6117–

कदां वा तोग्र्यो विधत्समुद्रोजहितो नरा  यद्वा रथो विभिथतात 

---O ashvini kumars ! drowned  in the ocean (of sickness ) was the Bhujyu ( A king ) who never called you for help, but you saved him by reaching on his own. ..

------The doctor, if comes to know about diseased person from any source, should extend help even without called.

Responsibilities of sick people & public towards Doctors—-

  1. Ashvini kumarsThe physician God duo , is prayed  in Rigved ( 10/97/6130) as ..”धीजवना नासत्या..” The God like ones own wisdome & truth.

----The words & advises  of the doctors , should be believed & accepted by the people as his own wisdom and final truth. They must be relied upon.

  1. As par rigved 10/97/4. which read…

”औषधीरिति मातरस्तद्वो देवीरूप ब्रुवे।सनेयंअश्वं गां वास आत्मानां तब पूरुषः||     Medicines are like mother bestowed with super powers; O physician ! I offer you cows,  horses, clothing  & even myself.

------The services of Doctors can not be matched with any cost.